The Jabal Moussa biosphere overlooks the eastern Mediterranean coast. The rugged mountains are a safe haven for the Turkey oak, western-rock nuthatch, white stork, long-legged buzzard and the southernmost refuge for the charming hop-hornbeam tree and the resident breeder, the blue tit. The hills hold ecological niches for the hop-hornbeam, wild apple, manna ash and Syrian juniper. The biosphere is a refuge for twenty (20) mammals including the grey wolf, striped hyena, hyrax and Persian squirrel. It is home to more than one hundred thirty (130) birds including the western-rock nuthatch, white stork and long-legged buzzard. The neighborhoods of the biosphere hold Hadrian’s inscription. Jabal Moussa is home to aromatic and edible plants of which the Syrian oregano, endemic oregano, tumble thistle or Akkoub, sumac, carob, chicory, eryngo, the bristly hollyhock and chamomile.