Jabal Al Rihane is a refuge for old oak trees of more than five hundred (500) years old of age and for forty-four (44) endemic plants. The landscape features the mountains of Safi, Sujud, Bir Kallab and Bourqab marked by a network of rivers with the famous River of Litani and the Zahrani, Mechraa and Tasseh rivers. The green cover of the biosphere is made of kermes oak, gall oak, carob, Storax, lentisk, stone pine and colorfully dotted with orchids, Lebanese woodruff, brooms, oregano, hyssop, St John’s-wort, lavender, tumble thistle and myrtle. Jabal Al Rihane is a safe haven for the rock hyrax, wild boar, wolf, badger, common otter, wildcat, striped hyena and bat species. Local communities preserved traditional meals such as ‘Kishk’, which is a ferment of yogurt mixed with bulgur wheat, ‘Zaatar’ made with a mix of oregano, sumac, sesame, soap of olive oil, laurel, dried figs, fig jam, olive oil and honey. The neighborhoods of the biosphere hold historical vestiges, tombs, sarcophagi and old winepress and the cave in Rihane village.