Wadi Allaqi is characterized by streams and deep gorges. The waterscape marked by Lake Nasser, the largest artificial lake in the world, is home to the endangered Nile crocodile. The damp places in the Wadi host tamarisk, dwarf heliotrope and lotus sweet juice growing along the streams and beside the river course. Upper dry lands are populated by Salam and saltwort and the upstream Wadi is covered by the desert date, mustard tree, twisted acacia and umbrella thorn acacia. Wadi Allaqi is a safe haven for sixty-nine (69) birds and twenty (20) mammals including the threatened common gazelle. The Wadi features archeological vestiges with rock inscription found in Umm Ashira, fortress in Quban and another in Ikkur. It is famous for holding rocks yielding gold-bearing deposits and quartz veins as well as copper and nickel.