Jebel Al Dair boasts one of the very few biodiversity hotspots located in semi-arid region. The biosphere delineates the northern limits of the dry savannah woodland and grassland. The landscape features typical mountains and confined highlands. The hills collect streams which end up meandering the valleys to form the bed of Khor Abo Habel River. Jebel Al Dair biopshere hosts mix of plants growing on the foothills, upland valleys, slopes and escarpments and confined plateau. The plant communities encompass the Ethiopian frankincense, sickle bush, umbrella thorn acacia, blackthorn, tico, raisin bush, caper, the Acacia etbaica and the Combretum glutinosum. The reserve is a refuge for two hundred twenty (220) bird species. It is a safe haven for rare Greater kudu, baboons and hyrax. The biosphere neighborhoods are reminiscent of traditional beliefs and myths and the sounds of cultural festivals, of which ‘AlHahab’ is dedicated to girls.