Dinder National Park is a safe haven for large populations of elephants, giraffes, black rhinoceros, hippopotamus, Cape buffalo and Sommering's gazelle. The landscape is a mix of the Tropical grasslands and Savannas, floodplain wetlands, oxbows, lakes and swampy areas. The vegetation cover is made up of forest, woodlands filled with red acacia and desert palm, sycamore, doom palm, paperback thorn, tamarind and African blackwood. Dinder represents a refuge for herons, pelicans, Marabou stork, fish eagle and waterfowl. During the dry season, the reserve provides a safe haven for the tiang, tora hartebeest, waterbuck, roan antelope, oribi and elephant. It witnesses internal animal migration during the wet season. The biosphere echoes the history and culture of Tabia area, located on the Ethiopian border, and Magano village. It holds vestiges from ancient Meroitic and medieval Fung sultanate periods.